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Introduction Manager

The introduction of agency

(Urban Renewal Organization of Tehran (URO 
name   

  • Kaveh
  • surname
  • Hajialiakbari
  • Education
    • Doctoral degree in urban and regional planning - Shahid Beheshti University
    • MA of Architecture, Faculty of fine arts – Tehran university
  • Executive and service records
    • Renovation and local development deputy of urban renewal organization
    • Urban redevelopment deputy of Nosazan company in Tehran
    • Advisor for planning and implementation of urban renewal organization
    • Social participation director general of urban renewal organization
    • Director of renovation project of khob bakht neighborhood in district 15
    • Manager of programming group for southern Region in urban renewal organization
    • The urban renewal expert

 

Introducing the Urban Renewal Organization of Tehran

Tehran as the capital and the most populous city of Iran with 620 km2 area, has a permanent resident population of 8.8 mn people and according to some reports, population of the Tehran can  be reached up to more than 14 mn people during daytime hours. One of the main urban problems of Tehran is the deterioration of urban areas and the concentration of spatial deprivation and poverty within them
A study due to identify deteriorated areas in Tehran (in 2006) revealed that 196 neighbourhoods have at least one deteriorated block. However, 66% of deteriorated areas are located in 56 neighbourhoods in the central parts of the city. Total area of these declined areas is about 3268 ha (equivalent to 5 per cent of city area) that encompasses 15 per cent of total population of the city in itself
Urban Renewal Organization of Tehran (UROT) which was established in 1968, following the preparation of comprehensive plan and parliamentary approval, is the main responsible agency for urban renewal in Tehran. The importance of neighbourhood renewal has been prioritised by the municipality of Tehran since 1997, and UROT started to make plans and implement projects in these areas
Priorities
 Providing High quality, safe and resistant housing-
 Provision of urban services and infrastructures-
 Upgrading the liveability of city and citizen’s quality of life by creating high quality public spaces and promoting environmental quality-
 To decrease urban poverty and to promote economic competitiveness of the city-



 

Deteriorated areas


 TURO approaches   


 

During different periods of urban management, due to the authorities general approaches, cognitive grounds and the experiences of past practices, as well as the lessons from other countries, different approaches have been adopted in intervention in deteriorated fabric. Evolution of these approaches has been continued from1995 with Navab project (focused projects) to current conditions and deployment of the neighborhood development approach


Evolution time line 

 

Neighborhood development    

The complex concepts of deteriorating and inefficiency also the formation factors are topics not only for deteriorated areas but also it can be repeated for other areas. So, the whole city is in a way facing the challenge of deterioration and inefficiency, so the missions of TURO in preventing and reducing the all aspects effects can be spread out in the city of Tehran. The concept of neighborhood development with the aim of penning a neighborhood development plan, paying attention to services supplyment, environmental upgrading and improving the residents socio-economic conditions is the way of a comprehensive development of Tehran's neighborhoods

 




TURO action tools   

 Neighborhood development offices-   
 incentive -   

   

  

 

 TURO plans  

 compilation the Neighborhood development plan 
The neighborhood development plan is a program identifies key challenges facing the development of the neighborhood (currently existing or the future ones) to develop a framework for achieving neighborhood development
Urban regeneration projects
(Organizing, upgrading and utilizing the Paradise Park- 

Design and Development plan of Tehran-Tabriz Railway (Niloufari Project-
( Urban Innovation projects(Knowledge Foundation

 New world cities are facing urbanization challenges specially in providing spaces for their functions. Readjustment, changing the land use of old and out of date urban functions, to the new and better ones will help cities to pass the challenges. Urban innovation is a response to this challenge. Knowledge base companies, startups and incubators are new gusts in new land uses in developed countries. There are some brownfields in Tehran to do such function


 

 

Intersectional cooperation      

Integrated management and intersectional cooperation is a big need in achieving the sustainable urban regeneration. This point of view take authority’s attention from 2010 and TURO became a main actor in this chart in 2013. Following charts are the framework of headquarters in all levels



 

 

(Organizational chart of Urban Renewal Organization of Tehran (UROT

In different periods according to the dominant urban policy and the experiences of previous actions as well as the teachings from the experiences of other countries, various approaches have been adopted in dealing withdeteriorated areas that has been started since 1997 with the Navvab project under the centralized authoritative approach and is being continued with the current community development approach

Approaches Adopted by UROT

The first approach: centralized authoritative interventions-
During 1997-2009, the main approach by the public sector in Iran was to intervene in urban districts authoritatively; this approach was based on top-down planning, taking coercive possession of estates, banishing residents, and implementing mega-projects
The construction of the margins of the Navvab Highway in the 1990s was the most important flagship of this approach in Tehran, but the huge scope, long duration, excessive financial resources, and negative social impacts of such projects turned the approach into an unsuccessful, inefficient, and unrepeatable experience


The second approach: facilitative approach-

After undesirable outcomes of applying the first approach, UROT, seeking new and efficient approach and solutions to tackle neighbourhood deterioration, established a local office in a neighbourhood in 2007 and started to converse with the residents; the main aim of the local office was to persuade occupants to participate. After two years and the appearance of considerable outcomes from the experience, UROT decided to develop local offices in other neighbourhoods. during 2009-2012 ,the “facilitative approach,” which is concerned with encouraging open dialogue among stakeholders to explore diverse options, became the main approach by the UROT in tackling neighbourhood deterioration and led to the establishment of more than 50 offices in deteriorated neighbourhoods.The outcome of this approach was the renewal of 40 % of total deteriorated area of Tehran

 

The third approach: integrated and coordinated management approach-

Given that the cross-sectoral and inter-organizational nature of the urban renewal process, in 2014, the public sector, with the aim of using all the capacities and resources of various organizations and institutions and in line with adopting a coordinated and integrated management approach, decided to establish sustainable urban regeneration headquarter at the national, Provincial and urban level. In the first step this headquarter established in Tehran and its districts. The head of the sustainable urban regeneration headquarter of Tehran is the mayor of Tehran and its secretary is the managing director of UROT, and in districts this headed by the mayor of the district

 

The fourth approach (2017-….): Community Development Approach-

By using the past experiences and considering the sustainable urban regeneration policy as a main urban policy of the government in order to tackle and to stop declining process, municipality of Tehran and urban renewal organization of Tehran (UROT) adopted community development approach in 2017
Community development refers to a set of social, economic, physical and environmental programs and actions that are defined through participatory planning with all stakeholders and implement with them that will result to promotion of livability and the resident’s quality of life

 

The fundamental principles of Community Development Approach

 Accessibility to services-
 Safety, security and environmental sustainability-
 capacity-building-
 Inclusiveness-


Goals and strategies of this approach

Improvement of public space quality-
Creation and promotion of community institutions-
Promoting social capital-
Training and informing the citizens-
Provision of objective and subjective social security-
Strengthening the buildings and infrastructure against natural hazards and controlling the polluting resources-


In order to achieve the goals of this approach and implementing the community development plans efficiently, UROT created about 60 neighbourhood development offices that support about 175 neighbourhood (half of total city’s neighbourhoods


:Defined missions and tasks of neighbourhood development offices are

 Identifying and assessing of action area-
 Preparation and implementation of development plan-
 Mobilizing the social capacities in line with development plans-
 Housing renovation and identify services that are required for neighbourhoods-
 Informing, advertising and promoting renewal, and training residents on the benefits of renewal and participation in local development projects-
 Rehabilitation in order to increase the public spaces quality-
 Attracting the institutions and residents to participate in development process-
 Designing and implementing socio-economic projects in neighbourhoods-


The third 5-year plan of Tehran Municipality

The five-year plan of Tehran municipality as a road map is the strategic-operational plan that is prepared by municipality and is approved by city council in order to implement the 20- year structural-strategic plan of Tehran and to achieve this plan’s goals and objectives
:The third five-year plan (2019-2023) is prepared with problem-oriented approach in 3 level, metropolitan, districts and community. Some plans and programs, related to UROT, are

Plan1: Community Development plan
Program 1-1: Housing renewal and rehabilitation
Program 2-1: Facilitation
Program 3-1: Provision of services and infrastructures
Program 4-1: Promotion of the quality of public spaces
Program 5-1: Improvement of socio-economic situation of residents
Plan 2: Urban regeneration
Program 1-2: Creation of value within deteriorated areas
Plan 3: Creating the alternative housing
Program 1-3: Implementing the alternative housing projects (Omid housing program) in publicly owned lands in order to facilitate the renewal process of deteriorated neighborhoods
 Supportive actions
Program 1-4: Preparing the regeneration plans and programs
Program 2-4: Promoting the inter-organizational coordination
Program 3-4: financing

The UROT plan and programs for 2018 
Community Development plan 
Housing reconstruction in the form of large scale land readjustment and renewal by landowners in deteriorated parcels-
Establishing and developing the community development offices-
Creation of car-parking and urban facilities in targeted neighborhoods-
 Facilitating the implementation of development-incentive projects-
 Physical rehabilitation in targeted neighborhoods-
Social Training, improving the skills and entrepreneurship-
Capacity-building and Promoting the culture of renewal-

 Urban regeneration 
 Improving the permeability of deteriorated areas-
Creating the green space in targeted neighborhoods-
 Planning and Designing for development of the Pardisan park-
 Preparation of Niloofari corridor development plan-
 Creating the alternative housing 
 Completing the Pishgam-e Nosazan housing project

President of Organization

kaveh haji aliakbari

President of Organization

kaveh haji aliakbari

Contact Manager

  • : phone
    982188921890-4+
  • : email
    info.nosazi@tehran.ir
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